Coronavirus (COVID-19) Deaths (2024)

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Download the complete OurWorld in Data COVID-19 dataset

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This page provides data on the number of confirmed deaths from COVID-19.

We know – based on reports and estimates of excess deaths – that these figures underestimate the total impact of the pandemic on mortality globally. We provide data on excess deaths across the world here:

Excess mortality during the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19)

Explore the global data on confirmed COVID-19 deaths

Select countries to show in all charts

This page has a large number of charts on the pandemic. In the box below you can select any country you are interested in – or several, if you want to compare countries.

All charts on this page will thenshow data for the countries that you selected.

None selected

Confirmed deaths

In this section

  • What is the daily number of confirmed deaths?
  • Daily confirmed deaths per million people
  • What is the cumulative number of confirmed deaths?
  • Cumulative confirmed deaths per million people
  • Weekly and biweekly deaths: where are confirmed deaths increasing or falling?

What is the daily number of confirmed deaths?

Related charts:
Daily confirmed deaths by regionWhich world regions have the most daily confirmed deaths?

This chart shows thenumber of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per day.

Three points on confirmed death figures to keep in mind

All three points are true for all currently available international data sources on COVID-19 deaths:

  • The actual death toll from COVID-19 is likely to be higher than the number of confirmed deaths – this is due to limited testing and problems in the attribution of the cause of death. The difference between reported confirmed deaths and actual deaths varies by country.
  • How COVID-19 deaths are recorded may differ between countries (e.g., some countries may only count hospital deaths, whilst others also include deaths in homes).
  • The death figures on a given date do not necessarily show the number of new deaths on that day, but the deathsreportedon that day. Since reporting can vary significantly from day to day – irrespectively of any actual variation of deaths – it is helpful to view the seven-day rolling average of the daily figures as we do in the chart here.

→ We provide more detail on these three points in the section ‘Deaths from COVID-19: background‘.

Three tips on how you can interact with this chart

  • By clicking on Edit countries and regions you can show and compare the data for any country in the world you are interested in.
  • If you click on the title of the chart, the chart will open in a new tab. You can then copy-paste the URL and share it.
  • Map view: switch to a global map of confirmed deaths using the ‘MAP’ tab at the bottom of the chart.

Daily confirmed deaths per million people

Why adjust for the size of the population?

Differences in the population size between countries are often large, and the COVID-19 death count in more populous countries tends to be higher. Because of this it can be insightful to know how the number of confirmed deaths in a country compares to the number of people who live there, especially when comparing across countries.

For instance, if 1,000 people died in Iceland, out of a population of about 340,000, that would have a far bigger impact than the same number dying in the United States, with its population of 331 million.1 This difference in impact is clear when comparing deaths per million people of each country’s population – in this example it would be roughly 3 deaths/million people in the US compared to a staggering 2,941 deaths/million people in Iceland.

Three tips on how to interact with this map

  • By clicking on any country on the map you can see the change over time in that country.
  • By moving the time slider (below the map) you can see how the global situation has changed over time.
  • You can focus on a particular world region using the dropdown menu to the top-right of the map.

What is the cumulative number of confirmed deaths?

Related charts:
Cumulative confirmed deaths by regionWhich world regions have the most cumulative confirmed deaths?

The previous charts looked at the number of confirmed deaths per day – this chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed deaths since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Another tip on how you can interact with this chart

By pulling the ends of the blue time slider you can focus the chart on a particular period. If you bring them together to one point in time then the line chart becomes abar chart– this of course only makes sense if you compare countries (that is what theEdit countries and regionsbutton is for).

Cumulative confirmed deaths per million people

This chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed deaths per million people.

Weekly and biweekly deaths: where are confirmed deaths increasing or falling?

Why is it useful to look at weekly or biweekly changes in deaths?

For all global data sources on the pandemic, daily data does not necessarily refer to deaths on that day – but to the deathsreportedon that day.

Since reporting can vary significantly from day to day – irrespectively of any actual variation of deaths – it is helpful to look at changes from week to week. This provides a slightly clearer picture of where the pandemic is accelerating, slowing, or in fact reducing.

The maps shown here provide figures on weekly and biweekly deaths: one set shows the number of deaths per million people in the previous seven or fourteen days (the weekly or biweekly cumulative total); the other set shows the percentage change (growth rate) over these periods.

Click to open interactive version
Click to open interactive version
Click to open interactive version
Click to open interactive version

Confirmed deaths and cases: our data source

Our World in Data relies on data from the World Health Organization

In this document, the many linked charts, our COVID-19 Data Explorer, and the Complete COVID-19 dataset, we report and visualize the data on confirmed cases and deaths from the World Health Organization (WHO). We make the data in our charts and tables downloadable as complete and structured CSV, XLSX, and JSON files on GitHub.

The WHO has published updates on confirmed cases and deaths on its dashboard for all countries since 31 December 2019. From 31 December 2019 to 21 March 2020, this data was sourced through official communications under the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005), complemented by publications on official ministries of health websites and social media accounts. Since 22 March 2020, the data has been compiled through WHO region-specific dashboards or direct reporting to WHO.

The WHO updates its data once per week.

Deaths from COVID-19: background

What is counted as a death from COVID-19?

The attribution of deaths to specific causes can be challenging under any circ*mstances. Health problems are often connected, and multiplicative, meaning an underlying condition can often lead to complications which ultimately result in death.

This is also true in the case of COVID-19: the disease can lead to other health problems such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

So, how are deaths from COVID-19 recorded? What is and isn’t included in these totals?

As is standard in death reporting, countries are asked to follow the ‘cause of death’ classifications from the WHO’s International Classification of Diseases guidelines.2 However, countries also typically provide their own guidance to practitioners on how and when COVID-19 deaths should be recorded.

Let’s take a look at two concrete examples of national guidance: the United States and the UK. Both provide very similar guidelines for medical practitioners on the completion of death certificates. Here is the US CDC’s Vital Statistics Reporting Guidance; here is the UK Government guidance.3

Both guidelines state that if the practitioner suspects that COVID-19 played a role in an individual’s death it should be specified on the death certificate. In some cases, COVID-19 may be the underlying cause of death, having led to complications such as pneumonia or ARDS. Even when it’s the underlying and not the direct cause, COVID-19 should be listed.4

Although confirmed cases are reliant on a positive laboratory confirmation of the COVID-19 test, a laboratory diagnosis may not be required for it to be listed as the cause of death. In the UK guidelines, for example, it makes clear that practitioners should complete death certificates to the best of their knowledge, stating that “if before death the patient had symptoms typical of COVID-19 infection, but the test result has not been received, it would be satisfactory to give ‘COVID-19’ as the cause of death, and then share the test result when it becomes available. In the circ*mstances of there being no swab, it is satisfactory to apply clinical judgement.”

This means a positive COVID-19 test result is not required for a death to be registered as COVID-19. In some circ*mstances, depending on national guidelines, medical practitioners can record COVID-19 deaths if they think the signs and symptoms point towards this as the underlying cause.

The US CDC guidelines also make this clear with an example: the death of an 86-year-old female with an unconfirmed case of COVID–19. It was reported that the woman had typical COVID-19 symptoms five days prior to suffering an ischemic stroke at home. Despite not being tested for COVID-19, the coroner determined that the likely underlying cause of death was COVID–19 given her symptoms and exposure to an infected individual.

Why are there delays in death reports?

Just as with confirmed cases, the number of deaths reported on a given day does not necessarily reflect the actual number of COVID-19 deaths on that day, or in the previous 24 hours. This is due to lags and delays in reporting.

Delays can occur for several reasons:

  • After a death certificate has been completed, inspection by post-mortem or laboratory testing may be required to verify the cause of death.
  • Death certificates are then either automatically or manually coded. It is often the case that COVID-19 deaths are always manually coded (e.g., this is the case in the USA).
  • There can be significant delays in this coding process, particularly when there is a large increase in the number of deaths (e.g., this averages 7 days in the US).
  • These figures are then collected in national registration statistics and reported to international sources.

The delay in reporting can be on the order of days and sometimes as long as a week or more. This means the number of deaths reported on a given day is not reflective of the actual number of deaths that occurred on that day.

Actual death figures are likely to be higher than confirmed deaths

What we know is the number of confirmed deaths due to COVID-19 to date. Limited testing and challenges in the attribution of the cause of death means that the number of confirmed deaths may not be an accurate count of the actual number of deaths from COVID-19.

In an ongoing outbreak the final outcomes – death or recovery – for all cases is not yet known. The time from symptom onset to death ranges from 2 to 8 weeks for COVID-19.5 This means that some people who are currently infected with COVID-19 will die at a later date. This needs to be kept in mind when comparing the current number of deaths with the current number of cases.

What does the data on deaths and cases tell us about the mortality risk of COVID-19?

To understand the risks and respond appropriately we would also want to know the mortality risk of COVID-19 – the likelihood that someone who is infected with the disease will die from it.

We look into this question in more detail on our page about the mortality risk of COVID-19.


We would like to acknowledge and thank a number of people in the development of this work: Carl Bergstrom, Bernadeta Dadonaite, Natalie Dean, Joel Hellewell, Jason Hendry, Adam Kucharski, Moritz Kraemer and Eric Topol for their very helpful and detailed comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this work. We thank Tom Chivers for his editorial review and feedback.

And we would like to thank the many hundreds of readers who give us feedback on this work. Your feedback is what allows us to continuously clarify and improve it. We very much appreciate you taking the time to write. We cannot respond to every message we receive, but we do read all feedback and aim to take the many helpful ideas into account.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Deaths (2024)


Does COVID make you cry? ›

If you are recovering from COVID-19, you may have a range of emotions. These may include feeling depressed (low), tired, anxious or tearful. Your sleep may be disrupted or you may have distressing memories of your experience. There are things that you can do to help yourself cope with unpleasant feelings.

How did COVID affect mental health? ›

Stress and worry are common during a crisis. But something like the COVID-19 pandemic can push people beyond their ability to cope. In surveys, the most common symptoms reported were trouble sleeping and feeling anxiety or nervous. The number of people noting those symptoms went up and down in surveys given over time.

What to do when your girlfriend has COVID? ›

If possible, do everything you can to avoid using the same rooms and restrooms as the person who has tested positive. That may mean isolating them to a single room or section of your home, leaving their meals at their door and communicating over the phone.

Can COVID make you feel depressed? ›

The post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC) indicates the long-term symptoms which remain after infection with COVID-19. Some of the most common PASC symptoms include depression, anxiety, fatigue, and cognitive impairments.

Does COVID cause rage? ›

The findings demonstrated that anxiety may be one mechanism via which exposure to COVID-19 is linked to increased aggression. Relational implications from interaction effects suggest that it may be combined with exposure to COVID-19 to further cause the beginning of anxiety while promoting aggression.

Can COVID change your personality? ›

Research, published in PLOS ONE, by a team at the Florida State University College of Medicine, led by Angelica Sutin, Ph. D., found personality changes caused by COVID-19. Young adults exhibited moodier, more stressful, less cooperating, and trusting behavior.

When did COVID end? ›

We can say the pandemic phase of COVID-19 ended on 5 May 2023, after the declaration by WHO.

Is mental illness increasing? ›

Serious mental illness by age group, over time

In 2021, 5.5% of adults experienced a serious mental illness within that past year. Rates of serious mental illness have increased most significantly in younger adults between the ages of 18–25, with rates increasing from 3.3% in 2009 to 8.6% in 2019.

What are COVID symptoms in 2024? ›

Symptoms of COVID-19

a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste. shortness of breath. feeling tired or exhausted. an aching body.

Can you sleep in the same bed with someone who has COVID? ›

Even people who are fully vaccinated and boosted should isolate if they have symptoms or test positive. Someone in isolation should: Sleep in a bedroom not used by anyone else. If that's not possible, try to keep as much of a distance as possible between beds.

What drug do you take for COVID? ›

Medicines to treat COVID-19

Your healthcare professional may suggest certain medicines if you test positive for COVID-19 and are at high risk of serious illness. These medicines keep mild illness from getting worse. They can include nirmatrelvir-ritonavir (Paxlovid), remdesivir (Veklury) or molnupiravir (Lagevrio).

Can I go out if I have COVID? ›

If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection, such as COVID-19, and you have a high temperature or do not feel well enough to go to work or carry out normal activities, try to stay at home and avoid contact with other people, until you no longer have a high temperature (if you had one) or until you no longer feel ...

Does COVID affect memory? ›

Covid‐19 may have an impact on people's cognitive and memory abilities that lasts a year or more after infection. A new study reveals small deficits in the performance of cognitive and memory tasks in people who had recovered from Covid‐19 compared with those who had not had Covid‐19.

Does COVID mess with your emotions? ›

Based on what we know about COVID so far, systemic inflammation may unleash chemicals that trigger symptoms such as hallucinations, anxiety, depression, and suicidal thinking, depending on which part of the brain is affected. We don't think that the virus is directly invading the neurons, or other cells, in the brain.

What is brain fog? ›

What is brain fog syndrome? Brain fog is characterized by confusion, forgetfulness, and a lack of focus and mental clarity. This can be caused by overworking, lack of sleep, stress, and spending too much time on the computer.

How does COVID-19 make you feel? ›

Other potential symptoms include fatigue, myalgia or muscle aches, and headaches – many of which are similar to cold and flu symptoms. People with COVID-19 might also experience gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Related symptoms include new loss of taste or smell.

What are the emotional effects of long COVID? ›

Impact of COVID-19 on mental health

These conditions include depression, anxiety and dementia, all of which have become quite common today. The pandemic has brought up all sorts of traumas resulting in an increase of anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

What are the psychiatric symptoms of Covid 19? ›

Emerging reports suggest a high frequency of neuropsychiatric symptoms after infection with COVID-19. These reports emphasize fatigue, cognitive dysfunction and sleep disorders, with increased rates of newly diagnosed mood or anxiety disorders, and dementia.

What are the current COVID symptoms? ›

Symptoms of COVID-19

a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours. a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste. shortness of breath. feeling tired or exhausted.

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